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Pasiv u engleskom jeziku

Pasiv (Passive Voice) je konstrukcija koja se sastoji od subjekta, pomoćnog glagola to be i prošlog participa glavnog glagola. Pasiv se mnogo češće koristi u engleskom nego u sprskom jeziku i to u sledećim situacijama:

  1. kada vršilac radnje nije poznat:

                active: Somebody stole my car last night.

                passive: My car was stolen last night.                          

  1. kada vršilac radnje nije bitan:

          active: They cleaned the room.

          passive: The room was cleaned.

 

  1. kada se naglašava radnja a ne vršilac radnje:

          active: They will produce 10 000 cars next year.

                passive: 10 000 car will be produced next year.

  1. kada je vršilac radnje očigledan:

          active: The police caught the burglar.

          passive: The burglar was caugth.

Pravila koja važe za upotrebu određenih vremena u aktivnom obliku, ista su i za pasivne oblike. Od aktivne rečenice se pravi pasivna na sledeći način:

Active                     Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.

  1. objekat aktivne rečenice postaje subjekat pasivne (Hamlet)
  2. dodajemo glagol TO BE koji će biti u vremenu u kom je glagol glavne rečenice; u ovom slučaju to je Simple Past (be → was)
  3. dodajemo prošli particip glagola koji je upotrebljen u aktivnoj rečenici (write – written)
  4. ako pominjemo vršioca radnje, dodajemo predlog by a zatim i subjekat aktivne rečenice (by Shakespeare)

Passive                   Hamlet was written by Shakespear.


Ispod možete pogledati tabelu vremena u engleskom jeziku koja se najčešće pojavljuju u pasivu.

 

Tenses

Active

Passive

Simple Present

He opens the window.

The window is opened by him.

Present Continuous

Molly is writing a letter.

The letter is being written by Molly.

Simple Past

He repaired the car.

The car was repaired by him.

Past Continuous

They were building new houses last summer.

New houses were being built last summer.

Present Perfect

They have eaten the whole cake.

The whole cake has been eaten.

Past Perfect

The police had found the car.

The car had been found.

Simple Future

will

They will never forget that concert.

That concert will never be forgotten.


Vežbanja:


Pasiv u engleskom jeziku - Vežbanja

Pasiv u engleskom jeziku 2 - Vežbanja

 

Komentari   

 
-3 #1 Mica Maca 09-04-2014 19:37
Hvala puno na pomoci :lol:
ps. jos kada bi dodali jos vjezbi ^^ :P
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